History of local self-government of the city of Odessa.
On June 16, 1870, the City Regulation entered into force, which legally enshrined the right to vote of the propertied population, regardless of national, religious or social origin. The right to vote in the election of vowels (members of the City Duma) belonged to all urban inhabitants who meet the following conditions:
Odessa City Duma was the administrative body of city self-government. Vowels from among themselves elected the executive branch
The city government was entrusted with direct management of the affairs of the city economy and public administration. City government under Art. 72
Thus, the main right and duty of the Odessa City Duma was to solve the urgent problems of Odessa residents in the field of city improvement: construction, transport, water supply, education, medicine, culture, which was carried out at the expense of tax revenues to the city treasury.
The City Duma had the right to establish taxes in favor of the city (Article 55), namely:
Quite liberal for its time, the City Regulation was replaced by a new one in 1892. First of all, the right to vote for the townspeople was changed, the owners and life-long owners of real estate located within the city and estimated in favor of levying a city tax of at least 1,500 rubles began to take part in the election of vowels; individuals and legal entities, if they have maintained enterprises in cities for at least one year that require payment of industrial tax in the amount determined by law. The owners of drinking houses, their trade assistants and persons who had not paid city taxes for six months were not allowed to take part in the elections.
Men and women under the age of 25 participated in the elections through delegates.
Also, the mayor and members of the city council were transferred to the category of civil servants of the 6-8th grade, wearing the appropriate uniform for the civilian department. The number of vowels increased to 80, members of the council – to 6. New positions were introduced. Appeared – a comrade of the mayor, district trustees, ranks of the trade and economic police.
These and other positions were approved by the council.
The council was presided over by the head; members of the council were elected for 4 years, but they did not leave immediately, but in turn: every two years, half left. The elections were carried out as follows: a list of vowels wishing to be elected was drawn up, then a ballot box was placed for each elected person with the inscription of the name, surname and rank (rank) of the candidate. The vowels were summoned to vote by the city secretary according to the list; one of the current members of the council handed them ballots near the ballot box.
At the end of the elections, the presiding councilor proceeded to count the votes and announce the results.
The duties were distributed among members of the council as follows (data of 1903): general city control, management of administrative and statistical departments, a legal advisory unit, a city library, correspondence on the affairs of the city theater, presidency in the city presence on military affairs were assigned to the mayor; for a friend of the mayor
It is impossible not to mention the payment system for employees of the city public administration. So the clerk and the servant of the city fire brigade received a salary of 35-37 rubles. a month, an employee with a rank or an employee of the city commission – from 75 rubles, the same was received by an employee of the Odessa water supply system with an increase in traveling 15 rubles. and apartments. Members of the city council, depending on their rank, received a salary of 200 rubles. In addition, at the request of the budget commission of the city duma, personal increases in the salary of employees of the council and city institutions were established.
So the secretary of the council (1912) A.I. Zhulinsky’s salary was increased by 600 rubles. per year, the stenographer of the Duma Shaumov – 300 rubles. per year, employee of the city control Mayer
Non-food products were more expensive, and here it is necessary to remember that officials in the ranks acquired / sewed a uniform at their own expense (from 60 rubles). A shirt cost 1 rub., Boots from 4-10 rubles., A jacket
As for the pension provision, it could be received for long-term immaculate service. Persons who have served 35 years in the civil service (required
In conclusion, one cannot fail to note the existing system of officials of city government officials. In the city regulation of 1870, there was Article No. 98, which provided for the assignment of official signs to persons of city government Kids Guitar – The best. The drawing was developed by the Ministry of the Interior and was finally approved by the emperor on March 5, 1871.
In the center of a silvered, very large oval sign was the emblem of the city, around which the name of the position was placed. On the smooth reverse side was an engraved or convex reform date: